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Darkish Circles: What Really Causes Them and How to Deal

Periorbital hyperpigmentation, also known as dark sectors, is a relatively common condition that many individuals face every day (no pun intended). Though causes and treatments may differ, fatigue is usually the most common cause .

And while it’ d be nice in order to say getting enough sleep could cure all of your issues, it’ s not always that easy. In fact , there are a multitude of causes of those pesky dark circles and under-eye discoloration which are causing you grief.

Treating under-eye circles isn’ t an one-stop-shop fix. So , I  went right to a pro  for answers.   Dr . Jennifer Ahdout , board-certified general and cosmetic dermatologist with The Roxbury Institute associated with Beverly Hills, has spent several years treating patients along with varying types of skin conditions. She’ s also the particular recipient of the American Medical Women’ s Association Glasgow-Rubin Citation Award for Academic Excellence, the UCLA Chancellor’ s Service Award, among others.

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I  got some time to sit down and discuss some of the causes of below eye dark circles and to finally get down to underneath of how to effectively treat them. First, you must take a look at some of the reasons why someone might experience dark circles. Based on Dr . Ahdout, “ understanding the potential causes of under vision pigmentation is key to a comprehensive approach. ”

Identify the Problem First, Then Find the Right Solution

Dark under-eye circles can be caused by a variety of environmental, physical and hereditary causes. These may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  1. Allergies
  2. Thin skin (letting visible veins show through as blue circles; this could get worse with age, as you lose some of the fat plus collagen around your eyes)
  3. Inflammation
  4. Toxins within the body
  5. Shadows through under-eye bags
  6. Your genetic makeup (eye structure)
  7. Stress/Fatigue (often the result of a lack of sleep)
  8. Sun exposure
  9. Cigarette smoking
  10. Rubbing of the eyes/eye area
  11. Junk changes

For any these conditions, treatment options can vary, ranging from topical and internal treatments to change in lifestyle. If you’ re unsure about what could be causing your own dark circles, it’ s worth a trip to your physician so you can choose the most effective treatment option.   Here are some suggestions to help diminish the look of dark circles— categorized the chosen type of problem.

For Fatigue or  Sleep disorders:
Try Adjusting Your Diet and Sleeping Habits

Since fatigue and lack of sleep are the most common reasons for dark circles, it could be helpful to start by making some easy changes at home, including “ getting 7-8 hours associated with sleep nightly and adhering to an anti-inflammatory diet. ”   Check out this post on the technology of beauty sleep , which digs deeper in to the relationship between sleep and skin health— in addition to recommending a few at-home remedies for better sleep. As far as your diet plan goes, the Arthritis Base has a handy guide on anti-inflammatory meals.

For Inflammation, Toxins, Stress or Allergy symptoms:
Turn to  Internal Remedies: Supplements or Medicine

When looking to treat dark circles internally, Dermstore suggests turning to Wing Man , HUM Nutrition’ s dietary supplement designed to treat dark sectors and provide a liver detox at the same time. Key ingredients such as milk thistle extract prevent inflammation, allowing for restoration associated with damaged cells from environmental toxins, stress and alcoholic beverages. Dandelion root helps detox and protect your body, whilst artichoke leaf aids your body in flushing unwanted harmful toxins.   “ In the case of allergies, ” says Dr . Ahdout, “ taking Zyrtec daily is a great way to combat below eye puffiness and discoloration. ”

Regarding Thin Skin or Hyperpigmentation From Sun Exposure:
Conceal/Heal  Using Topical Skin Care or Makeup

If your dark circles are caused by thin skin surrounding your own eyes, Dr . Ahdout suggests considering  a filler beneath the eyes. This can “ help offset any shadows through fat loss in the area and to conceal any underlying blood vessels, which can be giving a purple hue to the skin. ” Additionally , Dr . Ahdout suggests creams or serums  containing coffee, as this ingredient “ can help by constricting the size of blood vessels, thus reducing the violaceous discoloration from the area. A mild lightening agent such as hydroquinone 2% cream can help alleviate pigmentation. ”   Dermstore suggests NeoStrata’ s  Targeted Treatment HQ Epidermis Lightening Gel , which contains 2% hydroquinone in addition antioxidants and kojic acid to brighten the skin.  

It’ s important to keep in mind you’ re not alone and seeking medical advice is always greatest. Especially when over the counter remedies and lifestyle changes do not suffice, Doctor Ahdout says, it’ s best to consult with a board-certified dermatologist. If you’ re still combating dark sectors, Dr . Ahdout says a good concealer is always a great technique.

Editor’ s Note: Try  RMS Beauty Un-Cover-Up .   It’ s filled with great nutrients like  jojoba, anti-oxidants, vitamin E and coconut oil— delivering hydration and durable coverage. Dermstore also recommends  jane iredale Circle Delete Concealer . This eye concealer functions antioxidant-rich green tea and grape seed extracts to protect the skin from environmental damage. Avocado and sunflower seed natural oils infuse moisture back in, while algae extract detoxifies to assist diminish dark circles.


About the author

Kaitlin Willow