six Things Dermatologists Wish You Knew Before Buying Your Lotion
Moisturizer has always taken a pride of place in our own vanity cabinets. But the truth is not a lot of people understand what it can and why it is important in their skin care routine. Right here, I’ m going to answer six of the most commonly requested questions about moisturizers, including how to select the right one to suit your needs.
1 . Do I really need to moisturize?
A common inquiry from patients in my dermatology practice is “ Do I even need a moisturizer ? ” For the majority, the answer is indeed. Even though your body has its own natural lubricating system comprising glands that secrete oil (or sebum) to maintain the protective coating against harsh outside conditions and bacterial infections, most of us do need extra hydration after the havoc that will sun, weather and harsh chemicals wreak on our epidermis.
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There are also some people who genetically lack the opportunity to keep the top layer of skin intact and are lacking the necessary lipids to seal in moisture. Some medicines (namely cholesterol-lowering agents and isotretinoin) can also affect the skin’ s ability to adequately maintain hydration. If you happen to be one of those people you would benefit from a daily lotion .
2 . But what if I have oily skin?
Even people with oily skin may need lotions if they strip their natural protective layer with severe soaps. However , people with normal to oily skin which are not subjected to harsh external conditions and/or products and will produce enough sebum to protect the skin do not necessarily need additional moisture and are better off investing in an antioxidant serum .
3. Why are generally there different types of moisturizers, and what’ s the difference between every?
There are several types of moisturizers: humectants, moisturizers and occlusives. Humectants draw water into the top coating of the skin, while emollients help fill the breaks and seal in the water to provide a smooth, soft appearance. Occlusives provide a thicker protective barrier to prevent water reduction. Most facial moisturizers have humectants and emollients performing in tandem, while occlusives are more beneficial on heavier parts of the body, such as hands, feet, elbows and knees.
4. What should I look for in a lotion?
When choosing a moisturizer, look for important ingredients. Popular humectants include glycerin (or glycerol), hyaluronic acid , propylene glycol, urea, sorbitol and alpha hydroxy acids (e. g., glycolic and lactic acid). At high concentrations alpha hydroxy acids and urea soften the outer layer of the skin, leading to the peeling off. Common emollients are lanolin, mineral oil, ceramides, dimethicone, coconut oil and other plant-based oils. Occlusives include shea butter, petrolatum, beeswax and paraffin, among others.
5. How do I choose the best moisturizer according to my type of skin?
Those with sensitive skin may want to stay with products with glycerin because the other ingredients can create a burning up sensation on irritated skin. You should also avoid occlusives within areas that are prone to acne.
If you generally have dry skin, look for oil-based creams or lotions. Any kind of moisturizer with alcohols or fragrances should also generally end up being avoided for those with dry skin, as they can make the issue worse. For oily or acne-prone skin, lightweight gel and serums are more beneficial.
6. How should moisturizer be applied to offer the best results?
The best time to apply the moisturizer is when the skin is still moist. After utilizing a gentle cleanser, lightly pat your face damp, and then instantly apply a layer of moisturizer to lock in the particular hydration.
Though a good moisturizing regimen is a good start, it is important to stay hydrated and get essential nutrients (vitamins, essential fatty acids) which are the building blocks for healthy skin. Avoiding smoking and exercising good sun protection is essential for long-term skin care.
Now that you have a concept of what to look for, you can better navigate the overwhelming ocean of products and find the best lotion for your skin!
READERS— Got some questions about hydration and moisturizers? Inquire us anything in the comments section below!